Ironstone and the Historic Buildings of West Adderbury

West Adderbury has an unusually high number of historic buildings, many of which are officially listed, which means that the building has been placed on a list maintained by Historic England and cannot be demolished, extended, or altered without special permission from the local planning authority.

The vast majority of West Adderbury’s listed buildings are constructed from ironstone, a sedimentary rock with a high proportion of iron.  Ironstone is whitish when initially quarried, but after oxidation with air becomes a warm, reddish colour. Often, ironstone contains fossilised shells, deposited in the sands of a warm, shallow sea that covered this region during the Jurassic Period, around 190 million years ago.

West Adderbury had its own ironstone beds, located to the south of what was Adderbury Station.  A tramway for carrying the quarried stone ran south from the station, under the bridleway which runs to Paper Mill Cottages and on to the working face by the Oxford Road.

Our local listed buildings are shown on the map below, and separately by street.  It’s easy to see how their distribution reflects the unique, dispersed nature of the West Adderbury settlement.

Manor Road:

  • Little Manor and Attached Wall
  • 1 and 2, Manor Road
  • Home Farmhouse
  • Lamp Post Appproximately 30 Metres South of Cross Hill Farmhouse
  • Garden Wall to East of Le Hall Place
  • Numbers 1, 1a, 2, 3 and 4 Le Hall Place Plus Attached Forecourt Walls and Gatepiers
  • Lockes Cottage.

Horn Hill Road:

  • Hamelin Cottage and Attached Wall, and Garden House Approximately 15 Metres to East of Hamelin Cottage
  • Westway House and Attached Garage
  • Horn Hill Cottage
  • Westway Cottage
  • Cherry Tree Cottage
  • Beacon House
  • St Marys House
  • Southbank
  • Friends Meeting House and Boundary Walls and Entrance Gate to Burial Ground of Friends Meeting House.

Tanners Lane and The Leys:

  • White Hart Cottages
  • Cornerstones
  • Callaly Cotttage
  • The Old House
  • The Leys Cottage.

Crosshill Road:

  • Coach House Range to West of Cross Hill House
  • Cross Hill House
  • Garden Walls Gatepiers and Gates to Cross Hill House
  • Garden Wall to West of Numbers 1 and 2 St Amand’s Cottage
  • St Amands Cottage;
  • North Bank and Attached Outbuidling
  • Bradscot and Post Office Cottage
  • Rose Cottage
  • Wren Cottage
  • Vine Cottage
  • Cross Hill Cottage
  • South View.
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